Minimum Age to Work in KSKansas (KS) Quick Reference Table
|Age||Summary of Requirements|
|14-15||Work permits required. Cannot work before 7:00am or after 10:00pm on days preceding a school day.|
|16-17||Cannot work in any vocation which has been declared by Rule or Regulation of the Secretary of Labor to be dangerous or injurious to the life, health, morals or welfare of a minor.|
|18-20||Must be 18 to work in establishments that sell or serve alcohol for consumption|
|21||Able to serve alcohol for consumption. No restrictions.|
Kansas Child Labor Laws
The Kansas Department of Labor controls the provisions governing the legal employment of minors in the state. Through the Office of Employment Standards, the organization establishes the rules for child labor or defers to federal law when no concrete provision exists. In the case of two different laws, one at the state level and the other federal, employers should abide by the stricter standard.
How Old Do You Have to Be to Work in Kansas?
For the most part, individuals must stand at least 14 years of age to obtain gainful employment in Kansas. However, some labor activities do not legally constitute employment under state legislature and sit available for children to work in. Minors may perform nonhazardous work for parents as well as domestic household chores, deliver newspapers, and carry out casual labor around private homes without constraints. Agricultural occupations remain excluded from state law in Kansas and carry a separate set of regulations under federal jurisdiction.
Work Hours for Kansas Minors
Kansas minors under 16 may work in positions covered by the Fair Labor Standards Act, or FLSA, from 7:00am to 7:00pm, and until 9:00pm between June 1st and Labor Day. For jobs not regulated by the FLSA, the evening cutoff extends to 10:00pm. 14 and 15 year olds may work up to three hours on a school day and eight hours on a non-school day. Juveniles younger than 16 may not work more than 18 hours in a school week or over 40 hours in a non-academic week.
Labor Permit Regulations
Generally, minors may gain employment in the State of Kansas without a work permit. However, at least one case exists when the document stands required. Juveniles under 16 years of age and not attending or enrolled in school must obtain a work certificate. Work permits must bear signatures of the employer, minor, and issuing official. School superintendents, district judges, or assigned representatives of said parties may issue work permits for Kansas minors.
Teen workers in Kansas may not hold employment in certain fields. Positions likely to cause harm or injury or affect the well-being and health of minors stand as restricted areas of work. Once a person turns 18, the individual may work in any job, dangerous or otherwise. The following list outlines hazardous occupations as defined by the Secretary of Labor:
- Work with Explosives
- Driving a Motor Vehicle
- Work with Power-driven Machinery
- Exposure to Radioactive Substances
- Forest Fire Fighting/Prevention
- Meat Packing/Processing
- Manufacturing Brick/Tile
Jobs for 14 and 15 Year Olds
Further restrictions exist for minors under sixteen years of age. Child labor law dictates regulations for teen workers in Kansas, and occupations deemed unsafe remain inaccessible to youths. Jobs forbidden for 14 and 15 year olds include:
- Communications/Utilities Work
- Door-to-Door Sales
- Sign Waving
- Work with Amusement Park Rides
- Poultry Catching/Cooping
- Work in Freezers/Meat Coolers
- Warehouse Work
- Work on Ladders/Scaffolding
- Outside Window Washing From Windowsills
- Public Messenger Work
- Loading/Unloading Trucks
Entertainment Jobs for Minors
Entertainment-related occupations remain accessible to individuals under 18. The United States Department of Labor reserves the right to make regulations concerning the safety rules and other policies of the industry. All earnings from said work must go solely to the minor, regardless of age. Infants must stand at least one month old or possess the certificate of a licensed physician certifying the child as older than 15 days and physically healthy enough to undergo potential stressors before involvement in motion picture work. Positions under the entertainment label include but do not stand limited to actors and actresses, dancers, comedians, musicians, and writers.
Children ages 12 and 13 may work in farming jobs during non-school hours with parental consent and supervision, while individuals under the age of 12 may only hold agricultural positions on farms exempt from minimum wage standards. Barring cases of exemption, juveniles working in agriculture must earn at least the federal minimum wage, unless employers pay on an accepted piece rate basis. Teens 14 and older may obtain any non-hazardous job in the industry. In addition, minors age 16 and older may maintain employment in any farming position and perform any agricultural duties at any time. No labor may take place during school hours, unless the employee works for a parent or guardian.
Restricted Farming Work
Many positions remain unobtainable for juveniles in the farming trade. Occupations bearing responsibilities likely to place a young individual in a dangerous or threatening situation stand restricted. The following list details forbidden agricultural duties for minors under 16 in Kansas:
- Operation of Tractors with 20 PTO Horsepower
- Work with Harvest Equipment
- Work in Fruit Silos/Granaries/Manure Pits
- Work in a Pen with a Bull/Boar/Horse Maintained for Breeding Purposes
- Transporting Passengers in a Motor Vehicle
- Exposure to Toxic Chemicals