Legal Age to Work in Alabama

Minimum Age to Work in AL

Alabama (AL) Quick Reference Table
AgeSummary of Requirements
14-15Must have a Class 1 work permit. Very limited on hours worked during the school year. Limited to retail, clerical, and child care occupations. May not work where alcohol is sold or served.
16-17Must have Class 2 work permit. Cannot work after 10:00pm or before 5:00am. See the link below for prohibited occupations.
18-20Must be 18 to work in establishments that sell or serve alcohol for consumption
21Able to serve alcohol for consumption. No restrictions.
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How Old Do You Have to Be to Work in Alabama?

Child labor laws vary greatly from general labor laws in Alabama. According to the Alabama Department of Labor: Child Labor Division, applicants looking for work in the Cotton State must meet minimum age standards in order to assume jobs in any capacity. Labor laws in Alabama reflect the seriousness of potential job duties with regards to age. Alabama child labor laws allow for teens as young as fourteen to legally gain employment in the state. Various age restrictions apply to individuals between the ages of 14 and 21.

How old you have to be to work in Alabama greatly varies by industry. Jobs involving possible health threats or potentially life-threatening situations remain unattainable for individuals under the age of 18.

Food Service Jobs
Food service jobs featuring the sale of alcohol or the handling of food, for example, impose specific requirements regarding jobs for teens and overall legal work age. Applicants must stand at least 16 years of age in order to work in the food service industry. Anyone 16 or 17 years old must have a Class II Child Labor Certificate to acquire employment in food service.

Jobs Serving Alcohol
State law maintains workers must meet the age minimum of 18 in order to work in places selling alcoholic beverages for consumption, such as bars, taverns, pubs, or restaurants serving liquor, beer, or other spirits. Upon reaching 21 years of age, job seekers retain full rights as employable persons in the State of Alabama and adhere to general labor laws without restrictions.

Alabama Child Labor Laws

Child labor laws in Alabama also regulate the work schedules of underage employees. The state imposes restrictions on the total number of hours per week an individual may work depending on age as well as when individuals may work and how frequently. Jobs for 14 year olds and 15 year olds require a Class I Child Labor Certificate and prohibit work schedules with hours starting before 7:00am or following 7:00pm during periods when public school is in session. During the same time, teens fourteen to fifteen may not work any more than three hours on school days, eight hours on days public schools remain closed, six days in a week, or 18 total hours in a calendar week.

Summer Jobs
The restrictions change slightly during summer months, when employees aged fourteen and fifteen under Alabama labor laws may not work prior to 7:00am or after 9:00pm, over eight hours a day, more than 40 hours per week, or more than six days per week. Restrictions for workers 16, 17, and 18 prohibit working between 10:00pm and 5:00am on nights leading into school days. Employers must also comply with regulations allotting for 30-minute breaks for shifts featuring five hours of continuous work for jobs for 14 year olds and 15 year olds. The state does not require breaks for workers 16 and over, according to child labor laws.

Alabama Work Permit Regulations

In order to assume various jobs for teenagers and workers ages fourteen through seventeen, applicants must obtain Eligibility to Work Forms available at local schools and present the completed forms to prospective employers. The worker permits serve as legal documentation or proof for minors or teens in Alabama assuming places in the workforce. Employers must keep work permits on file for each underage employee in addition to government issued Employment Information Forms, documentation proving age, and detailed logs of hours worked by minors on staff. Applicants must typically bring driver’s licenses or state/federal-issued IDs including name and date of birth for employers to officially fill out and authorize Employment Information Forms. Birth certificates also serve as sufficient methods to retrieve the data necessary to complete Employment Information Forms.

Jobs Available to Alabama Minors

While the State of Alabama limits and restricts the types of jobs fourteen and fifteen year olds can assume as well as other aspects of employment, like how many hours a 16 year old can work, workers under the age of sixteen still possess diverse employment options. Some of the more readily accessible opportunities for job seekers falling under the working age of sixteen include non-hazardous positions in retail, community programs, school programs, youth sports, and landscaping. As previously mentioned, workers 14 and 15 years of age must possess official work permit documents (Class I Child Labor Certificate) in order to assume jobs.

source: Alabama child labor laws source: More Details
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