Minimum Age to Work in AZArizona (AZ) Quick Reference Table
|Age||Summary of Requirements|
|14-15||Cannot be employed in any occupation at any time during school hours, nor shall any child under 16 be allowed to work for more than 8 hours in one day.|
|16-17||Must have Class 2 work permit. Cannot work after 10:00pm or before 5:00am. See the link below for prohibited occupations.|
|18-20||Prohibited occupations: explosives motor vehicle driver, mine or quarry occupations.|
|21||Able to serve alcohol for consumption. No restrictions.|
Arizona Child Labor Laws
The State of Arizona recognizes individuals under the age of 18 as minors and enforces special laws regarding youth employment to ensure work for profit does not interfere with minor education or safety. Though the Arizona Department of Labor issues and enforces laws pertaining to youth employment, the department also recognizes laws put into place by the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act. Where dissent occurs between the two sets of laws, the state defers to whichever law enacts stricter guidelines. Additionally, while work permits do not stand required for a minor to receive gainful employment, employers must acquire proof of age before hiring, as proprietors receive penalties of up to $1,000.00 fines for illegally employing youths.
How Many Hours Can a Minor Work in Arizona?
Since the goal of child labor laws remains to stop employment from interfering with education, strict hours restrictions persist as a necessity. During weeks that school stands in session, individuals under the age of 16 may not work more than three hours a day. When the minor does not have school the next morning, i.e. weekend days, the individual may legally work up to eight hours in a given day. Total hours worked in one week must not exceed 18. Youth under sixteen cannot work during the hours before 6:00am or after 9:30pm unless school does not take place the next morning, wherein a minor may work until 11:00pm.
During summer seasons with school out of session, hour restrictions for minors become more lenient. Individuals may work up to eight hours every day of the week; however, total hours worked must not exceed 40 by week. Minors under 16 still may not work before 6:00am but may engage in work till 11:00pm every night. Additionally, youth may not participate in solicitation or door-to-door sales after 7:00pm year-round.
Prohibited Occupations for Minors Under 17
Though Arizona does not explicitly outline a minimum age at which minors may not receive any kind of employment, the state does place restrictions on the jobs minors can hold. As a general rule, youths may not engage in employment which endangers or threatens life. In addition, indecent exposure of the minor employed, as would happen in exotic dance establishments and the like, remains strictly prohibited. Other job restrictions for individuals under the age of 17 include:
- Any Work with Explosives
- Driving a Motor Vehicle
- Work in Mines or Quarries
- Logging or Mill Jobs
- Work Involving Radioactivity
- Operation of Any Power-Driven Machinery
- Packaging of Meat or Slaughter
- Work Involving Demolition
Prohibited Occupations for Minors Under 15
In addition to the jobs and conditions from which seventeen year olds remain prohibited, minors in Arizona under fifteen must adhere to further restrictions. In order to avoid risking heath and general safety, minors under the age of 15 may not engage in employment in or related to the following:
- Manufacturing and Processing
- Laundering or Dry Cleaning
- Any Occupation in a Warehouse
- Occupations Which Require Youth to Consistently Remain Five Feet from Ground
- Work with Animals Kept For Breeding
- Work Which Requires Riding in a Tractor
Under certain circumstances, the occupational restrictions enforced for minors may be negated. If the youth stands employed by a parent or relative or in the theater, radio, or television industries as a performer, state age restrictions do not apply. Training programs, such as the education available through technical and vocational schools, also repudiate the restrictions. Additionally, the limitations do not apply to minors registered as an apprentice or individuals employed in agricultural training programs. Lastly, minors who receive a high school diploma or the equivalent stand exempt. Arizona citizens should note exemptions never apply to work in manufacturing or mining industries.